The augmented soldier in the digital battle space

Presentation

This chair, inaugurated on 23 May 2017, aims to develop research in the field of the conditions of evolution of the infantryman in his environment by combining the skills of the civilian and military worlds.

The chair installs in the long term (5 years from September 2017) research works aiming at technical innovations whose perimeter of action will be at the scale of the Félin infantry section. The research actions are centred on the human being, seeking to favour the conditions of evolution of the infantryman in his environment and addressing the following domains: the protection of the combatant and his equipment, the perception of the numerous pieces of information coming back from the sensors, the collaborative sharing of data for which radio communications are a central issue, the reduction of the cognitive load and tension and finally the increase of mobility.

The scientific programme is mainly centred on the work of 5 to 6 theses financed by Safran over a period of 3 to 5 years, supervised or co-supervised by teacher-researchers from the Centre de Recherche des Ecoles de Coëtquidan with the support of the Saint-Cyr Foundation.

Scientific programme

The different themes of the Chair are as follows

  • Perception: sensors mounted or deported on the infantryman, drones, robots; data; information visualisation; development of active surveillance systems
  • Collaborative: sharing information; merging data
  • Protection: Search for efficient and lightweight materials and structures; containment of shrapnel
  • Mobility: Development of exoskeletons; mass distribution
  • Cognitive (or ergonomics): Artificial intelligence
Chaire soldat augmenté

Doctoral theses in progress

  • Development of a generic musculoskeletal model of the army soldier to support his physical activity by Mr Pierre Puchaud under the direction of Charles Pontonnier
  • Learning of off-road manoeuvre plans for an autonomous vehicle by Mr Kevin Osanlou under the supervision of Eric Jacopin
  • A planning tool to counter the destructuring of a battlefield by Guillaume Prévost under the supervision of Stéphane Cardon and Eric Jacopin
  • Dynamic behaviour of Architectural metallic materials obtained by additive manufacturing (3D printing) by Mr Morwan Adlafi under the supervision of Laurent Maheo, Bertand Galpin and Vincent Grolleau

Chairholder

Yvon Erhel, University Professor, has been appointed to the Chair.

Former student of the Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, Yvon ERHEL obtained successively the Agrégation of Physical Sciences:

  • DEA in signal processing from the University of Paris XI – Orsay, a PhD in signal processing and telecommunications and the habilitation to direct research from the University of Rennes 1, respectively in 1996 and 2004 for the last two degrees.

Professor in the 63rd section of the University, he teaches signal processing as well as digital communications and electronic warfare systems at the Ecole Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr. Within the Research Centre of this school, he directs the Defence Sciences and Technologies division which federates activities in the fields of computer science, mechanics and electronics.

His research, carried out in close collaboration with the Institut d’Electronique et de Télécommunications de Rennes UMR CNRS 6164, concerns the applications of antenna processing (multi-channel signal processing) to digital communications and electronic warfare, mainly in the HF radio range.

News

2020
Publication in an international scientific journal
Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering – 2020 Volume 23 Issue 3 p 114-125.
Puchaud, P., Sauret, C., Muller, A., Bideau, N., Dumont, G., Pillet, H., Pontonnier, C., 2020. Accuracy and kinematics consistency of marker-based scaling approaches on a lower limb model : a comparative study with imagery data. Comput. Methods Biomech. Biomed. Engin. 23, 114–125.
Publication for a scientific conference in San Diego July 2020
Puchaud, P., Kirchhofer, S., Dumont, G., Bideau, N., Pontonnier, C., 2020. Dimension reduction of anthropometric measurements with support vector machine for regression : application to a French military personnel database. In : Springer (Ed.), Accepted in Proceedings of the AHFE 2020 International Conference on Human Factors and Systems Interaction. San Diego, USA, p. 26.
Participation of PhD students in the Defence Factory on 17 and 18 January 2020 in Paris
2019
Presentation by Pierre Puchaud of a model at the Congress of the Biomechanical Society in Poitiers in October 2019
Presentation by Pierre Puchaud of a case study at the European Society of Biomechanics in July 2019 in Vienna
Puchaud, P., Dumont, G., Bideau, N., Pontonnier, C., 2019. A case study with custom : a comparison of normal and altered gait with an ankle brace. In : ESB 2019 – 25th Congress of the European Society of Biomechanics. Vienne, Austria.

Pierre Puchaud - PhD student of the Augmented Soldier Chair, at the World Congress of Biomechanics in Ireland
Pierre Puchaud and Morwan Adlafi supervised two teams of Saint-Cyr students who won prizes at the 2019 Science Day of the Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan Schools.
2018
Pierre Puchaud, PhD student of the Augmented Soldier Chair, at the World Congress of Biomechanics in Ireland.
Kevin Osanlou's thesis work, entitled "Learning off-road manoeuvre plans for autonomous vehicles
A publication in an international workshop:

Kevin Osanlou, Christophe Guettier, Andrei Bursuc, Tristan Cazenave et Eric Jacopin.

Constrained Shortest Path Search with Graph Convolutional Neural Networks. In Proceedings of the 2018 workshop on Planning and Learning (PAL-18) at ICML/IJCAI/AAMAS 2018, stockholmsmässan, Stockholm, Sweden, 15-16 July, 2018.

The work of Pierre Puchaud's thesis, entitled "Development of a generic musculoskeletal model of the army soldier to support his physical activity".
2 publications in international conferences:

Puchaud, P., Sauret, C., Muller, A., Bideau, N., Dumont, G., Pillet, H., Pontonnier, C., Evaluation of geometrically calibrated segment lengths : preliminary results on inter-hip, femur and shank cases. In : 3DAHM 2018 – XV International Symposium on 3D Analysis of Human Movement. Salford, United Kingdom 3-6 July 2018.

Puchaud, P., Sauret, C., Muller, A., Bideau, N., Dumont, G., Pillet, H., Pontonnier, C., Preliminary comparison of EOS-derived and geometrically calibrated segment lengths : inter-hip and femur cases. In : WCB 2018 – 8th World Congress of Biomechanics. Dublin, Ireland, 8-12 July 2018

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